Major Yuri A. Gagarin, age 27, was the first man to orbit Earth. He was a Soviet cosmonaut. He was also a Soviet Air Force pilot and a parachutist.
Yuri Gagarin's parents were peasants on a collective farm in the village of Gzhatsk. Gagarin thus represented the ideal of the "new communist man." Gzhatsk is now called "Gagarin City."
Gagarin's spacecraft was called Vostok 1. He said that Vostok 1 was "more beautiful than a locomotive, a steamer, a plane, a palace, and a bridge -- more beautiful than all of these creations put together."
The booster rocket for the spacecraft was called A-1. The booster had three stages.
The launch site was the Baikonur Cosmodrome, which is located near the city of Tyuratam in Kazakhstan, close to the Aral Sea.
Gagarin made a single orbit of the Earth on April 12, 1961. His flight lasted 1 hour and 48 minutes. The apogee was about 203 miles above sea level. The orbital speed was approximately 17,000 miles per hour.
During the flight, Gagarin monitored onboard systems, ate, drank, and watched the Sun rise over North America. Sergei Korolev asked over the radio, "How do you feel?" Gagarin replied, "I feel fine. How about you?"
As part of the flight plan, Gagarin exited the spacecraft at an altitude of about 20,000 feet and then parachuted to the ground. He landed near Saratov in the Volgograd region.
The Soviet government apparently kept this parachute detail secret for many years. The Soviets sought to give an impression that the Vostok spacecraft made a soft landing with Gagarin still inside. The Federation Aeronautique International required that a pilot land with his vehicle in order to claim a complete flight for the record books.
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev congratulated Gagarin after the flight, declaring: "You have made yourself immortal because you are the first man to penetrate space."
Gagarin replied: "Now let the other countries try to catch us."
Gagarin died in an airplane crash on March 27, 1968. He was on a training flight in a MiG-15 aircraft.
Alan B. Shepard was the first American in space. He made a short, suborbital flight on May 5, 1961.
John Glenn was the first American to orbit Earth. His flight was on February 20, 1962.
Tom Harpole, "Saint Yuri," Smithsonian Air & Space Magazine, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., Dec 98/Jan 99.
ORDER FROM AMAZON
Tags : Yuri GagarinCategory : reserved to connected users | Write a comment | Print
From the same authorOne direction
Tower bridge photos et images
London eye photos et images
Charlie Chaplin photos et images
Chambord photos et images
Riviera Maya photos et images
Kim Hyun Joong
i love im
Camping Car photos et images
Images correspondant à Charlie Chaplin